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Passage 13                                                      看点评

For years and years people have been saying that the railways are dead.  "We can do without railways."  People say ... as if motorcars and planes have made the railways unnecessary.  We all keep hearing that trains are slow, that they lose money, that they're dying.  But this is far from the truth:  In these days of expensive oil, the railways have become highly competitive (有竞争力的) with motorcars and planes.  If you want to carry people or goods from place to place, they are cheaper than planes.  And they have much in common with planes.  A plane goes in a straight line and so does a railway.  What is more, it takes you form the heart of a city into the heart of another.  It doesn't leave you up as a plane does, miles and miles from the city centre.  It doesn't hold you up as a car does, in endless traffic jams, and a single train can carry goods which a plane or motorcar could never do.

Far from being dead, the railways are very much alive.  Modern railway lines give you a smooth, untroubled journey.  Where else can you eat well, sleep in comfort, feel safe and enjoy the scene while you are travelling at speed at the same time?  And we are only at the beginning.  For we have just entered the age of super-fast trains(超级高速列车), trains travelling at 150 miles an hour and more.  Soon we will be wondering why we spent so much on motorcars we can't use because we have not enough money to buy the oil and planes we can't fly for the same reason.

 

1. Some people think the railways are unnecessary for many reasons except that __________.
A. planes and motorcars have taken the place of trains.
B. oil is expensive today.
C. trains are slow.
D. railways lose money.

2. The writer's idea seems to be that __________.
A. we can do without railways.
B. trains have much in common with motorcars and planes.
C. motorcars and planes are not as good as trains.
D. trains are as good as motorcars and planes.

3. According to the writer, which of the following is NOT true?
A. It is cheaper to travel by train than by plane.
B. The railway's station is usually at the centre of a city.
C. When you get off the plane you will find yourself right in the city centre.
D. No motorcar of  plane can carry as many goods as a train does.

4. The writer thinks that the railways, far from being dead, are very much alive because __________.
A. we can have a smooth and untroubled journey.
B. we'll not have enough money to fly in planes.
C. we can now travel in super fast train.
D. all of the above.

5. The best title for this passage may be "__________".
A.
Not the End But the Beginning
B. Which is the Best: Train, Motorcar or Plane
C. Trains are More Competitive than Motorcars or Planes
D. Oh, Super-fast Trains

   Score =   

Correct answers:                                                                                                       看点评


点评

    本文作者的观点鲜明,态度明确,即火车和铁路运输非但没有走到穷途末路,反而有着光明的前途。同学们一般都能很快地读懂这一点。

    但本文对判断把握文章的中心主旨这一能力提出了更高的要求:准确,不夸大,不缩小。

    比如,题2,在阅读练习中许多同学认为正确答案是 C ,即 The writer's idea seems to be that  motorcars and planes are not as good as trains.  粗略一看,这与本文的中心主旨是一致的,即为火车和铁路辩护。再比如题5,许多同学认为正确答案是 C ,认为本文的最佳题目是 Trains are More Competitive than Motorcars or Planes 这个题目是在为火车和铁路说话。

    但是作者在论述这个问题时是非常客观和实事求是的,而没有夸大其词。在第一段,作者提及火车铁路优于飞机汽车的几个方面,但仍用了这样的句子来概括:And they (railways) have much in common with planes. 显然作者把两方面看成平起平坐,各有千秋,并没有抬高火车铁路,打压飞机汽车。而我们知道火车铁路飞机汽车各有所长,互相补充,构成完整的交通运输系统。

    作者在展望将来时才用了委婉的说法提及了火车铁路超越飞机汽车的可能性:Soon we will be wondering why we spent so much on motorcars we can't use because we have not enough money to buy the oil and planes we can't fly for the same reason.

    因此,题2的正确答案应当是 D, trains are as good as motorcars and planes.  即:目前是平起平坐,各有千秋。这个表述符合实际情况,与作者的论述分寸一致。而 C 则夸大了火车和铁路的优势。
题5的正确答案应当是
A Not the End But the Beginning 这个题目不仅很好地概括了“火车和铁路运输非但没有走到穷途末路,反而有着光明的前途”这一主题,与文章内的句子呼应:Far from being dead, the railways ..., And we are only at the beginning而且简洁明快,有文学味道,能起到引起读者注意,激发阅读兴趣的作用。而C选项除过于直白外,主要是它不能准确表达作者原意,夸大了火车和铁路的优势,所以不能作为本文的题目。

    总之,细心阅读,认真体会,才能准确把握文章的中心主旨。            Main Idea

 

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